Patrick Painter studied cultural history and pedagogy in Canada and the United States at the University of Western Ontario, York University, and the University of Connecticut. He worked as a university lecturer and English language teacher for 7 years before joining Express Publishing as an ELT consultant. He has presented at a variety of ELT teacher training seminars in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. His current research involves the relationship between multi-modality, communicative competency, and 21st century pedagogy. He is particularly interested in innovative teaching approaches to developing more learner-centred, task-based classroom environments.